Should I Invest or Not? | IRCTC SWOT Analysis
In this article, we will discuss IRCTC IPO Analysis with Valuation Angle. The IRCTC IPO is an offer-for-sale and is a part of the government’s divestment programme for FY 2019-20 in which it is divesting 12.6% stake in the company.
IRCTC IPO Analysis with Valuation Angle
Company Profile – IRCTC
- Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is a subsidiary of the Indian Railways IRCTC is a central public sector enterprise wholly-owned by the Government of India and under the administrative control of the Ministry of Railways.
- It is the only entity authorised by Indian Railways. It operates in 4 business segments :
- Internet ticketing
- Packaging Drinking Water under the “Rail Neer” brand
- Travel and Tourism
- The website of the company, www.irctc.co.in, is among the most frequented website with about 25-28 million transactions per month. www.irctc.co.in is the most transacted websites in the Asia-Pacific region.
- It has also diversified into other businesses, including non-railway catering and services such as e-catering, executive lounges and budget hotels, which are in line with its objective to build a “one-stop solution” for customers.
Objectives of IPO
- The issue is an offer for sale and is a part of the government’s divestment programme for FY 2019-20.
- Thus, the main objective of the IPO offer is :
- To carry out the disinvestment of 2.016 Crore equity shares by the selling shareholder constituting 12.6% of company’s paid-up equity share capital
- To achieve the benefits of listing the equity shares on the stock exchanges.
- The company will not receive any proceeds from the offer and the proceeds from the IPO will go to the promoter of the company.
- IRCTC has launched its initial public offering (IPO) on September 30, 2019 with a plan to raise up to Rs.645 crore. The IPO has a price band of Rs.315-320 per equity share with 2.01 crore shares on sale.
- % Allocation of total number of shares reserved under 3 heads :
- Qualified Institutional Investors (FIIs and DIIs) : 50%
- Retail Investors : 35%
- Non Institutional (High Net Worth) Investors : 15%
IRCTC Key Financials
- Total revenue of IRCTC grew at a CAGR of 10.4% since last two financial years to Rs.1,956 crore. In the same period, EBITDA grew at a CAGR of 9.1% to Rs.372 crore.
- The Net profit in the past two fiscals has grown at a CAGR of 9% to Rs.272 crore. As of FY2019, the company had an operating profit margin and net profit margin of close to 20% and 14% respectively.
- The company has no debt. It is completely a debt-free company. As of FY2019, IRCTC had cash and cash equivalent of close to Rs 1,140 crore.
Revenue Mix FY2019
- Currently, Catering business is the highest contributor in terms of revenue at 55%. Whereas, Travel & Tourism and Internet Booking contribute around 23.29% and 12.35% respectively.
- However, there is a very high growth opportunities for Internet Booking and Travel &Tourism businesses in near future. The revenue growth of these 2 segments is going to add a great value to the overall profitability and business portfolio of IRCTC.
- The company is valued at Rs.5,120 crore at the upper price band and the valuation is pegged at Rs.5,040 crore at lower band.
- The company is commanding a price-to-earnings multiple of 18.8 times at the higher end of the price band.
- This is quite attractive considering the factors that work in favour of its business model and its strong return ratios. There is a clear 50% appreciation in market valuation of the company in coming years.
- So, it can be a great deal for a retail investor who can avail a discount of Rs.10 per share for such a big growth effect.
Should You Invest or Not?
- IRCTC has a unique business model and the company does not have any competition across business segments.
- Positive view on the issue based on various parameters such as strong earnings profile, diversified business segment, healthy return ratio, debt-free status, and most important monopoly business.
- Recent tax reduction by government to 25.2% and increase in revenue from service charge for online ticketing will improve profitability substantially going forward.
- There is also significant opportunity for the company to ramp up the catering business given a very large captive audience which is currently being underserved.
- Increasing business volumes from catering and packaged drinking water businesses, along with service charge for online ticket booking will drive earnings growth for the company between FY2019-21.
- IRCTC’s strong business model makes its IPO a good long-term investment.
- At the IPO price band, the stock is available at a price to earnings multiple of 10 times FY2021E EPS, which looks attractive from the perspective of future earnings growth.